The text is focused on the acceptance and perception of Darwinism in 19th-century Bohemia, when the diffusion and interpretation of Darwin's teachings were paradoxical connected with two professors of aesthetics from Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague, Josef Durdik and Otakar Hostinsky. Although they somewhat simplified the theory of natural selection, they understood Darwin's theory to be the arrival of a new paradigm (in contrast to contemporary biologists working in the Czech lands). This text presents and compares both aestheticians' interpretations of Darwinism, mainly their stance on the theory of natural selection, the possibilities for applying this theory to aesthetics and art theory, as well as their relationship to Darwin's interpretation of aesthetic phenomena in nature. As a supplement, a short emphasis on Darwin's teaching in texts of other Czech aesteticians (Tyrs, Klacel, Volek) follows.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.