This paper concerns one of the early works by Stanislaw Lem, 'The Dialogues', and attempts at its analysis and interpretation. The conceptual basis for 'The Dialogues' is cybernetics, a field of science which became very important in the 1950s and 1960s. The author tries to show how Lem used the terminology and methods of cybernetics to create a unique project of sociology and anthropology. Nevertheless, this project was not successful because of the insoluble contradictions between cybernetic and anthropological paradigms.
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