In the light of two challenges that Poland faces, i. e. the necessity of a marked and sustainable acceleration of economic growth and of the decisive reduction in uneployment, it is indispensable that the country adequately shapes its competitive potential, which entails not only the economy but also its society. The meeting of these challenges depends primarily on soft factors, such as governance and the social cohesion in particular. Opportunities and threats to the development of competitive capability stem from the internal as well as the external factors, the latter being moderately favourable, while basic economic determinants, that is the hard growth factors and the public finance are in crisis. It is to be noted that considerable improvements have been achieved in human capital formation and in the external economic equilibrium. Poland 's accession into the EU enforces the indispensable adjustments of the country to the lines of development contained in the Lisbon strategy.
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