Concrete efforts intent on establishing a south Slavonic federation, made by Bulgaria and Yugoslavia during the 1940s, were inaugurated during the last stage of the second world war. Generally speaking, those endeavours followed two courses. The first dated back to November 1944, when Yugoslav-Bulgarian negotiations initiated by Tito and his closest co-workers were conspicuously attended by the Soviet Union. It must be emphasised that the theme of this complicated and difficult dialogue conducted by Belgrade and Sofia involved not only the construction of a union, but also such questions as the completion of a mutual military-political alliance, and the resolution of the Macedonian question, organically linked with the planned federation. Nevertheless, at the beginning of 1945, and chiefly owing to the determined resistance of the Anglo-American powers as well as the necessity of respecting their stand by Moscow, the negotiations between the two Balkans states were suspended. We may accept that the second stage of the route towards implementing the conception of a south Slavonic federation was inaugurated by the conventions signed by Dimitrov and Tito in Bled (1 August 1947). The contents referred to talks interrupted about two and half years ago, and together with the Bulgarian-Yugoslav convention on friendship, co-operation and mutual assistance, signed in Evksinograd near Varna on 27 November 1947, they comprised an apparent culmination of a several years-long rapprochement of the two south Slavonic states, full of mutual expectation and hope, but also teeming with disillusionment and various claims. The authoress analysed the international and domestic conditions which determined the course and outcome of the negotiations carried out by the Yugoslav and Bulgarian delegations at the 1947 summits in Bled and Evksinograd. Furthermore, she discussed the implementation of the decisions made during those negotiations, pertaining primarily to the Macedonianisation of the Pirin Region.
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