AThe article deals with the topic of rural family structure in the first half of the 19th century based on the example of the village Novy Rychnov (Southern Bohemia), a rural community with a significant portion of domestic manufacturing. The article is based on research on confession records, which reveal the development of households in 1833-1855. Personal data were completed from parish registers. The second part of the text analyses the demographic development of Novy Rychnov and presents the main features of the local population. The text also includes a social and professional classification of the village inhabitants. Primary attention focused on an analysis of the household structure. The analysis showed that the quick transformation of household structure was related to the increasing number of simple nuclear families and a reduction in family size. This change was doubtless connected with the transformation of the economic behaviour of the population and a change in their mentality
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