POLISH OFFICIAL CIRCLES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CZECHOSLOVAK-SOVIET RELATIONS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 1930S (Polskie kola oficjalne wobec rozwoju stosunkow czechoslowacko-sowieckich w drugiej polowie lat trzydziestych XX w.)
The development of Czechoslovak-Soviet relations after the mutual assistance treaty signed on 16 May 1935 by the two countries met with lively interest among the heads of Polish diplomacy and part of the press associated or sympathising with the 'sanacja' circles. Representatives of the ruling camp in Poland maintained that the agreement excluded the possibility of a Polish-Czechoslovak rapprochement, thus becoming a successive cause of misunderstandings between the two states. The official circles carefully followed the development of relations along the Prague-Moscow line, and charged the former with playing the part of a 'Soviet Trojan horse' and planning to fulfil the function of an intermediary between the Soviet Union and Western Europe. The Czechs were accused of aiming at the establishment of a Czechoslovak-Soviet frontier, and public opinion was informed about the construction of Soviet military bases in the Republic. The popularity of communism in the Czechoslovakia and support for representatives of the Communist Party of Poland, directed against the Polish raison d'état, were mentioned as proof of the Republic's submission vis a vis the Soviet empire. The Polish side also reacted negatively to Soviet attempts at influencing the solution of the affiliation of Zaolzie Silesia at the turn of September 1938.
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