The article shows the effect of economic and political liberalization processes in the Arab countries such as Cairo, Syria, Persian Gulf, as well as Northern Africa countries like Morocco or Algeria, after the important general Arabian reform of the 1970s, termed infitah (opening). The author argues that most of economic reforms have been implemented on the basis of recommendations and pressures emanating from international financial institutions, such as the IMF and the World Bank, multilateral organizations, i.e.: OECD, the governments of OECD countries and the European Union. This suggests political changes which are depending on international aid and lobbying. The author analyzes general trends of the economic reforms in the Arab countries from the 1970s to 2005.
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