Iconography of Marie de' Medici, Florentine princess, who married Henry IV, and became the Queen of France in 1610, died in exile defeated by her own son, Louis XIII, has been a subject of my research in recent years.To honor professor Adam Milobedzki, illustrious historian of European culture and architecture, I compared Marie de' Medici's apartments, Palazzo Pitti in Florence (on the 3rd Floor), Queen's apartment in Fontainebleau, Palais du Louvre in Paris, Chateau Monteceaux-en Brie, and finally, her own creation, Palais du Luxembourg in Paris. Chateau Monteceaux-en-Brie and Palais du Luxembourg were designed by Salomon de Brosse, Marie de' Medici's court architect. Her famous letters to Cristina of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, written in the fall of 1611, focused on 'modelle du pallais de Piti' and its dimensions which were to be used 'pour l'ordre et l'ornement de ma maison'. Palazzo Pitti's courtyard fascade, designed around 1560 by Bartolomeo Ammanati, appears to be the most important theme of these letters. Pre-1660 Henri Sauval wrote about influence that the Florentine residence had on the one in Paris: 'l'etoit une Princesse Toscane qui vouloit faire eclater en France l'ordre [toscane] de sa Patrie'. Architects employed by Marie de' Medici skillfully related to late mannerism Italian forms. However, distant from its Tuscan equivalent, with the special attention paid to rustic decoration, well liked by Marie de' Medici.
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