The article is devoted to the meanings of two adjectives defining the surface of an object: 'szorstki' and 'chropowaty'. Except the common elements in the basic meaning (both the lexemes denote the quality of uneven surface experienced by touch), the semantic analysis reveals differences in their typical connections, the system of their semantic relations and their connotations. The authoress suggests two ways of describing semantic difference between the two adjectives. One of them is to add to the definition of 'chropowaty' the information about its connections with firm objects only e.g. 'chropowaty mur' (scruffy wall) and parts of the body, e.g. 'chropowata skóra' (rough skin). Another way consists in distinguishing two meanings of the adjective 'szorstki': szorstki1 'with uneven surface' (e.g. 'szorstki mur' - rough wall) and szorstki2 'spiky', e.g. 'szorstka siersc' - rough hair.
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