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We live in the times when identification with one's nation, state or local region plays a particularly significant role since the transmission of cultural heritage conditions the preservation of culture. At present it can be observed that cultural heritage should be understood above all in the categories of history, that is the story of previous generations, living tradition, folklore, language, cultural benefits as well as achievements manifested both in terms of remains, monuments as well as oral history. The concept of homeland or home country is of particular importance. Homeland is a concept which has two meanings: one used in reference to the area which is significant for individuals or groups (nations) defined as the place of one's birth and the place where one has lived over a major part of one's life, and the second applying to the place from which one's ancestors of family members come. In numerous considerations the concept of region is usually defined as a specific territory inhabited by people who share unique history. Unfortunately the specific character of the area discussed in this presentation (Lower Silesia and the Lubuskie Province) rules out this understanding of the concept of region. We do acknowledge the existence of the administrative region, and as such it is known as the Lubuskie Province, yet this does not mean that the area is homogenous in terms of history, politics, language or culture. At the same time the region is often treated as a part of Lower Silesia. The complicated history as well as numerous divisions resulting in the fact that various parts of the Lubuskie Province were located on the territories of different countries makes it impossible to treat this area as a homogenous structure both from the historical as well as cultural points of view. In fact we deal with borderland areas on which Polish, Lusatian, Czech, Hungarian, Saxon and Branderburgian influences can be traced. Over the last fifty years, the region has established its position in the social consciousness as the area extending from the north edge of the Dolnoslaskie Forests to the Mysliborskie Lake District and from the line of the Nysa and Odra rivers to the Zbaszynskie Lake District. The territory is far from being homogenous in terms of its population and history. It is frequently referred to as borderland area. On the other hand it is frequently classified as part of Lower Silesia, a region with strong historical roots. Yet migrations of people and changes in the course of borders after World War II influenced the current character of this land. Contemporary people feel lost; sometimes find it difficult to identify themselves with their immediate environment. This becomes particularly difficult since it is difficult to talk about any form of historical cohesion in this area. On the other hand it is difficult to talk of any roots with no reference to history, geography, ethnicity or culture. While joining particular communities, people enter into direct contacts with others and if they do not understand or do not accept those elements of culture which convey specific values, they find it difficult to identify themselves with the region, do no treat it as their homeland
Akt o wykonaniu wytyczenia państwowej granicy między Polską a Niemcami, Frankfurt nad Odrą, 27 stycznia 1951 roku, [w:] M. Tomala, Zachodnia granica Polski po II wojnie światowej. Dokumenty i materiały, Warszawa 2002.
Badania nad tożsamością regionalną. Stan i potrzeby, materiały z konferencji naukowej Łódź 2 czerwca 1998 roku, red. nauk. A. Matczak, Rada Krajowa Regionalnych Towarzystw Kultury [et al.].
Bartmiński J., Polskie rozumienie Ojczyzny i jego warianty, [w:] Pojęcie ojczyzny we współczesnych językach europejskich, red. J. Bartmiński, Lublin 1993.
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