The idea of the paper was to describe organizational culture and workaholism. On the one hand, it is paid more and more attention to organizational culture as an important determinant of organizational success and on the other - transformation of political system induced a change in attitude to work forming new look of workaholism in Poland and organizational culture is one of the source of this phenomena. It is no denying that each organization has a unique social structure and that these social structures drive much of the individual behavior observed in organizations. Individuals influence organizational culture and at the same time culture of organization has an impact on them, because on the one hand, the culture is brought into an organization from outside (by its members) and therefore it arises from their needs, aspirations or aims and is manifested in models of workers' attitudes, on the other - organizations create the culture by themselves and workers adopt it. In most cases behaviors of employees are organized by norms and assumptions formed by organizational culture of these two sources. Thus, the aim was to indicate the most important organizational norms and basic assumptions which influence workaholism in great corporations and in small private enterprises in the North-East region of Poland, where people have a more intensive need to make up for civilizing backwardness through hard work than in others parts of country. Currently, the previous stagnation was replaced by ambitions and diligence characteristic of all age groups of the investigated workers. The image of the active man who is always busy and overworked is attractive nowadays, because it is perceived as the image of a man of success. Thus, the main reason why inhabitants of the region devote their private time for hour-long work is their need for individual success, which means the achievement of their own aims and aspirations. Independently of individual predispositions to workaholism and desires, organizational culture can strengthen workers' tendency to it. The results of inquiry showed some repeatable norms and assumptions of organizational culture which maintain personal features as well as arouse workaholic behaviors of members of an organization.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.