The Czech Republic and Slovakia before their entrance to the European Union committed to fulfil all conditions necessary for introducing the common European currency. While in a case of the Czech Republic appears as possible term of entrance the country to the Euro-zone year 2012 or even later, in a case of Slovakia is in last months more often discussed about 1st January 2009, whereas it will depend on the level of fulfilment of Maastricht criteria of nominal convergence. Although successful fulfilment of these criteria appears as bottom line for entrancing new country to the Euro-zone, according to many experts, is more important to fulfil real economic convergence criteria. This contribution deals with a process of a real convergence of these two economics.
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