The aim of this paper is to point out the inversion of the Easter events in the Polish sixteenth-century mystery play 'Historyja o chwalebnym Zmartwychstaniu Panskim' (The History of the Glorious Resurrection of Our Lord) allegedly by Mikolaj z Wilkowiecka. In the fourth scene of the play the Harrowing of hell is presented. It is usually believed that Christ descended into the underworld between his death on the cross and the Resurrection. In 'Historyja ...', however, Jesus first rises from the dead, then he descends into hell to harrow it and to rescue his faithful. Such a sequence of events contradicts the widely accepted chronology of Christ's redemptive work and, to the best of author's knowledge, has been overlooked hitherto by Polish scholarship.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.