A CY NA SAN TU LITVATE? AREN'T YOU FROM LITHUANIA? DIALECT AND SELF-IDENTIFICATION OF THE LITHUANIAN GYPSIES (A cy na san tu Litvate? A czy nie jestes pan z Litwy? Gwara i identyfikacja Cyganow litewskich)
(Title in Romani language: A cy na san tu Litvate? A czy na san tu Litwatyr? Rakiryben litewskone Romengro te lengiri identyfikacja). In the vast area, ranging from Kamchatka in the East to Brest and Bialystok in the West, dialects spoken by the local Gypsies are so close to each other regarding phonetics, morphology and vocabulary, that they make in fact one macro-dialect with local varieties. The details of these varieties can barely be noticed by a non-professional and a non-Gypsy. Nevertheless, these details play an important role in group identification and in the differentiating between Gypsy groupings. The author has intended to present the peculiarities of the dialect spoken by the Lithuanian Gypsies, which make it different from the whole bunch of vernacular Gypsy tongues of a broader area that includes (except of the Republic of Lithuania) Western Belarus, Eastern Latvia and neighboring parts of the Russian Federation.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.