The main idea of this article is to introduce the concept of repression and sensitization as it is understood in the field of cognitive psychology. The typology, according to which people can be divided into four types: repressors, low-anxious, high-anxious, and defensive high-anxious (sensitizers) is presented. Also presented is the critical analysis of the research based on the four-types classification. Attention is directed to ambiguous results, based on some terminological as well as methodological misunderstandings of the typology. The last part of the text is devoted to unresolved issues and possibilities for development of this branch of psychological research.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.