The article represents a historical overview of cultural, political and economic relations between the Czech lands and Montenegro since their beginnings in the first half of the 19th century until present. Before 1918, Czech discourse about Montenegro was closely linked with the ideology of Slavic kinship and 'mutuality'. This was especially demonstrated in the prevalently romantic representations of Montenegro and Montenegrins produced by Czech writers, journalists and artists before WWI. Several Czech politicians, musicians, painters and scientists also played a distinguished role in the process of modernization and 'Europeanization' of Montenegrin monarchy. After the establishment of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, the romantic interest in Montenegro gradually faded in the Czech lands. Throughout the 20th century, Czechs have significantly contributed to the development of tourism, especially on the Adriatic coast. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia and Montenegro's declaration of independence in 2006, standard diplomatic and political relations between the two countries were finally established for the first time
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