The article moves problems connected with the new strategy USA in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Foundations of this strategy were announced 27 March 2009 by the president Barack Obama. The new policy in the large measure is based on the doctrine COIN whose a main architect was Gen. David Petraeus. Foundations of this doctrine came true in effect in Iraq. That's why one decided that her use in Afghanistan promised itself the success. In the text one showed tools, which this strategy has to be introduced. To the analysis dissected foundations of the conception of the president Obama and potential results, and besides aspects military, cultural, as and economic. The key-part conflictingly in Afghanistan possesses Pakistan. The stability of this country, the loyalty in relation to USA and NATO and the commitment in the fight with rebels is way to the achievement of appointed through the coalition targets. The borderland Afghan-Pakistani is a base of rebels - the Taliban, Al Qaidas and other terrorist organizations. The US forces attack targets in this mountainous region by means of UAV. This weapon begins to play in this conflict the more and more greater meaning. Close to the fight with rebels the important element in the construction of the stability of Afghanistan, state the reconstruction of the agriculture.