Szkice z dziejów autonomii śląskiej w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej, red. J. Durka, Katowice 2013>87-112
Gazeta Ostrzeszowska is an example of local press from southern Greater Poland, from a town located near the border with Silesia. The press attentively followed the events in Upper Silesia and was very interested in annexation of this region to Poland. It paid much attention to Polish-German relations, contrary to the issue of the autonomy itself. This diligent observation of Silesia was associated with common analogous experiences regarding the existence within the Prussian borders, the national uprisings and ambitions for independence after the First World War. Gazeta Ostrzeszowska was undoubtedly forming the opinion of a small community in Ostrzeszów on the events in Upper Silesia. It supported aid initiatives of Upper Silesians. The subjects regarding Silesia appeared on its papers throughout the entire interwar period.
This dissertation is the first scientific description of life and activity of Janusz Radziwill (1880-1967) who was the Berlin descendant of famous Lithuanian house, the lord of Olyka manor, and the owner of Nieborow as well. Being the head of State with the Polish Regency Council he co-originated the Polish Diplomatic Service. Janusz Radziwill was a conservative politician of great importance in the political life of the II Polish Republic as he was one of the leaders of the Righ Wing Party, the co-operator of Jozef Pilsudski (after May, 1926), and the vice-chairman of Non-Party Block of Co-operation with Government (BBWR). He held a mandate of a deputy in years 1928-1935 and a seat in Parliament in years 1935-1938. He was kept imprisoned in Moabit, Germany (1945), and twice in Lubianka, The Soviet Union (1939,1945). As the Soviet Authorities held him under arrest in Krasnogorsk, he came back to his mother-country just in 1947. After the war he remained in Poland, acting the role of the moral leader to those aristocrats who had decided not to emigrate. Particular areas of his professional activity have been enclosed within five chapters complemented with the preface, conclusions, and bibliography.
The article describes the events in the Upper Silesia in the late 1920s and 1930s when the projects of “sanation” were implemented and efforts were made to abolish the Silesian autonomy. It was the time when a conflict emerged between one of the activists of Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government, leader of Polish conservatives – Janusz Radziwiłł and voivode of the Silesian Voivodeship – Michał Grażyński. The reason of the dispute was voivode’s attempt to abolish the autonomy of supervisory boards of steelworks in the economic sphere. An additional aspect of Grażyński’s activities was limiting the growth of business of German industrialist Friedrich Flick.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.