Photocatalytic decomposition of chlorfenvinphos (CFVP) in the presence of titanium dioxide (TiO2) modified with organic acids: pyruvic (PA) and succinic (SA) under the visible light radiation has been studied. The following tests were examined: dose of photocatalysts, adsorption time, pH of the model solution, deactivation of catalysts, the role of oxygen, identification of free radicals for the CFVP decomposition, Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics. The synthesized materials were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and UV-Vis. At 10 wt.% of acid (90:10) decomposition of chlorfenvinphos was the most effective in the following conditions: dose of catalyst 50.0 mg/L, time of adsorption = 20 min, pH of model solution = 3.0. Under these conditions the order of photocatalyst efficiency has been proposed: TiO2/PA/90:10 > TiO2/SA/90:10 > TiO2 with the removal degree of 85, 72 and 48%. The mathematically calculated half-life at this conditions was 27.0 min and 39.0 min for TiO2/PA/90:10 and TiO2/SA/90:10 respectively, compared to 98 min for pure TiO2. It has been determined that the O2•− radicals and holes (h+) are the main reactive species involved in the photodegradation of chlorfenvinphos. The results of this study showed that method may be an interesting alternative for the treatment of chlorfenvinphos contaminated wastewater.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.