The resettlement from their homeland, which took place after the Second World War, was the turning point for the Lemkos community in Poland. There were two waves and two destination of that process: Ukrainian Socialist Republic and Western and Northern Poland. Lemkos were not allowed to return to the Beskid. Therefore, they had to adapt to the new territory. This article is focused on that process of adaptation, which was not without damaging aspects. Nowadays, more than 50 years since expulsion, one should acknowledge that a part of Lemkos living in Western Poland, not only has managed to retain Lemko identity, but also has succeeded in creating and running institutional forms of ethnic and religious activities. They found their place there. They represent an example of particular sense of belonging to the territory. The article is based on the research conducted in the Strzelecko-Drezdenecki district, Lubuskie voivodeship (Poland) in years 2000/2001. In its framework 16 in-depth interviews were conducted with those, who were resettled and the first and second generation born in Western Poland. Additionally, five compositions written by 13-17 years old students, as well as, observations conducted in Lugi, Chometowo, Dobiegniew and Strzelce Krajenskie were used.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.