This article presents a new paradigm in comparative studies, referred to as 'comparative studies related to cultural studies'. The proposition refers to non-classical currents in our contemporary humanities, primarily, to cultural studies enjoying popularity in the West. In the centre of the project, culturalism and constructivism are situated, as based upon Jerzy Kmita's social-regulatory concept of culture, and as reinforced by Stanley Fish's idea of interpretive communities. Attention is also drawn to how humanities may be confounded in ethics. The thus delineated methodological proposition appears to be part of a culturalist turn in contemporary humanities.