In order to fulfill the function of depicting something else than itself, the painting must leave the centre of attention. It is this act of departure that art wishes to avoid. Successive attempts at rendering the representing-represented dichotomy whole proved to be ineffective - abstraction resigns from the represented, illusionism - from the representing, academic realism transforms the represented in its own fashion, and although the symbol combines both elements, the recipient, while noticing them, incessantly wavers between one and the other, unable to encompass both simultaneously. The Pre-Raphaelites insisted on the authenticity of art understood as creation based directly on Nature and according to its laws. The outcome of their work is painting which presents itself and thus makes it possible to establish contact with the reality to which it belongs and refers. In an aesthetic experience the Pre-Raphaelite oeuvre reveals both the image and the depicted world.
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