The management of the existing resources of arable land is primarily determined by the goals set in connection with the development of agriculture and rural areas. Until a short time ago economic-production goals dominated. At present emphasis is laid on the necessity to harmonise production-economic, social and environmental objectives and to reconcile the interests of the present and future generations. Farmers are expected not only to ensure the production of abundant and inexpensive food but also to ensure the production of high-quality and safe food as well as the protection of the natural environment and landscape. Poland has considerable resources of farmland. Although the quality of these resources in terms of the classes of soil, distribution of precipitation and hydro-atmospheric relations is relatively low this fact is compensated for by the low degree of contamination of the natural environment, its diverse character and landscape. In the current macroeconomic conditions the level of utilisation of the existing farmland is low from the point of view of the production-economic goals. The area of uncultivated arable land is increasing and the proportion of waste and fallow land continues to be high. The farmland's productivity is very low and the distance separating Poland from the EU countries against which it competes on the Common Agricultural Market is not diminishing. However, a tangible improvement has been recorded recently in the management of the existing resources of arable land from the point of view of the quality of agricultural products and protection of the natural environment and landscape.
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