In response to a new approach to the problems of national minorities and ethnic groups, a model of multicultural society and intercultural education has been created. This education requires: openness to others and willingness to understand others, their culture, issues and problems. This model does not necessarily interest minorities, as it could be seen as leading to assimilation and loss of identity. The independent education and national life of minorities or ethnic groups give a better chance to get to know one's native language, culture, and preserve one's national identity, but due to restrictions, do not give equal educational and cultural opportunities, often creating ethnic 'ghettos', and hindering functioning in the mainstream society. The idea of multiculturalism has been put into practice in many countries through state support in preserving the cultural heritage of national minorities and ethnic groups, including Polish Diaspora organizations.
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