The article written on the basis of the author's own research carried out on 122 'gimnazjum' (junior high school) students in 2005, presents the range of young adolescents' processes leading to their autonomy. The paper gives the picture of mother and father as viewed by the pupils, and it also shows a selected component of the social 'I', social self-evaluation, social interests and the marginality of the pupils. The results of the research confirm that a majority of younger adolescents identify primarily with the parents, and with the peers, and that family values are the most important signpost. However, every third gimnazjum pupil finds himself or herself between two separate groups; they identify themselves neither with the parents nor with their peer group.
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