The resettlement and settlement action is one of the least known and explored aspects of the 'Vistula' Operation which took place in 1947. Polish Army troops were made responsible for the resettlement of the Ukrainians inhabiting southern Poland. In the course of the Operation, between May and October of 1947, about 9,684 families (33,946 Ukrainians) were forced to leave the province of Lublin to be settled in north and west Poland. They left behind 8,871 farms. Only 30% of them were later settled by new Polish settlers, while the rest was used as industrial-scale plough land and for forestry. The forces of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization tried to prevent both the resettlement action and the subsequent Polish settlement, but were unsuccessful. This action changed the ethnic, linguistic, religious and cultural face of the Lublin region. The author presents in detail both the numerical data and the course of these events.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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