One of the recurring events when conducting life-interviews with women trainers is their confrontation with the fact that their physique does not correspond to the body-frame considered to be ideal in their respective sports disciplines. Since they can only preserve their athletic identity with the help of their physique, the course of their careers depends on the solution they find to this problem. The study presents this decision-making situation using the systems theory of Luhmann: as the environmental interaction between a neurophysiological (the body), a psychical (the identity of women trainers) and a social (sports) system. It looks upon this situation as being a communication between female athletes and competitive sports as a social system, in which observation is accorded an outstanding role. Assuming the role of an observer, female athletes see the series of movements and solutions that their trainer does not recognize. Instead of physical perfection, they develop the individual perfection of movement execution.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.