The article contains a theoretical reflection on the genesis of onomastics as a scientific discipline, its development, and its current state. The author analyzes and comments on the most important intellectual paradigms, methodologies, and classification criteria in force at the beginnings of study on personal names (the first half of the 19th century) as well their variability, which arises from changeable research positions. It also points out the most important thematic fields that have been worked out by onomasts or that need to be worked out. In his opinion - due the development of a general theory of proper names - onomastics today possesses the status of an independent scientific discipline within linguistics.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.