Even Kant uses the concept of philosophy that stems from 'polis'; philosophy is therefore considered - as Pierre Hadot stresses - as exercise in wisdom, or practicing a certain way of life. It must be however stressed that'bios theoretikos' as 'praxis' is only one of the possible, among others, ways of life, yet undoubtedly the most perfect, as it is oriented on the very perfection as a regulative idea. Nevertheless, the concept of university has a different meaning: already the medieval university (especially in its prime, symbolized by Abelard) just because of its 'professional' utilitas becomes not only a certain way of functioning in a corporate community but also 'an universal form of life or of matter of social world as a whole'.
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