By reaching for the collections of Jewish underground press preserved in the Ringelblum Archives, the authoress makes a review of statements about Poland and Poles published in individual papers in the years 1939-1942. She presents the position of individual organizations which published the journals, follows the evolution of the approach to the subject over time, points to differences of view within one and the same organization but also attempts to identify the principal dividing lines between various groups in this regard. The text is a transcript of an address delivered by the authoress on the 51st anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising. Despite their general nature, her findings remain valid to this day.
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