The article looks at the use of sociological tools to address the issue of young people's housing in general and at the local level. One such tool has been the use of polls on the housing situation, which are conducted in 267 towns in the Czech Republic and which have provided the first opportunity to document the problem of housing among individual types of families and households at the town level. Young families and newly established households were assessed as the biggest risk group in terms of being able to obtain independent housing. On the basis of these findings, in 1998 a Young Couples' Housing Register was set up. It contains information from completed questionnaires submitted by participating towns. These questionnaires and the registered data are evaluated annually to develop an outline of the housing situation in towns and the attitudes of young couples toward it. The housing situation of young households and others interested in obtaining a flat is examined for a period of 3-4 years using standardised questions on respondents' attitudes and ideas about the housing policy in the given town. This information is then used in the formation of the towns' housing policy and housing development plans.