The town of Miedzyrzec had a predominantly Jewish population during the inter-war period. The local Jews were for the most part poor, did not invest in the place where they lived and were able to survive on a minimum income. The biggest number of jobs for the Jewish workers were provided by the bristle shops. Despite financial problems, Kehillah ran numerous educational and charitable institutions. The Jewish community had an impressive synagogue and 10 houses of prayer. The establishment of a coeducational Jewish secondary school was a sign of concern of the community leaders about education. During the inter-war period, the Jews also actively joined in the town's political life.
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