The article discusses contemporary debates about the relation between liberal society and religious-based views of man and social organisation. It draws in particular on the conceptions of Jürgen Habermas and Charles Taylor, which deal with contemporary conflicts about the place of religion in the public space. Habermas’ conception considers the ideal state to be one of a maximally open, but still explicitly secular, space, in which there may, however, exist religious inspiration. Taylor criticises the viability of such a model from the point of view of equality – in the background of his critique there is a different understanding of secularity, which, in his view, cannot play the role of a neutral arbitrer because it is too tied up with certain social groups.
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