The Responsibility to Protect is a concept of international law based on the idea that sovereignty is not a privilege, but a responsibility. The Responsibility to Protect focuses on preventing four international crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. The responsibility to protect includes three elements: 1. A State has a responsibility to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. 2. If a State is unable to protect its population on its own, the international community has a responsibility to assist the state by building its capacity. This can mean building early-warning capabilities, mediating conflicts between political parties, strengthening the security sector, mobilizing standby forces, and many other actions. 3. If a State is manifestly failing to protect its citizens from mass atrocities and peaceful measures are not working, the international community has the responsibility to intervene at first diplomatically, then more coercively, and finally with military force (humanitarian intervention).
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