For the first time the title problem became a subject of interest of Avant-garde art movements. Photodynamism, developed in Futurism allowed to record fluidity and continuity of movement, was the combination of its interpretation with the attempt to reflect a character of phenomena occurring in the inside world of the author and the audience. Dadaism was interested in photographic picture for two basic reasons. A photograph, as a mechanical picture which could be easily reproduced and at the same time functioning in large numbers in visual culture, was one of the tools of Dadaist anti-art. In photography Constructivism valued and developed mainly its possibility to picture the world objectively and extensively. The modern formal techniques of photography were to broaden visual knowledge of man and to develop his visual perception. For Surrealism photography with mechanicalness of its depiction and its objectivity allowed to transgress the restrictions of direct perception of the world controlled by the rationalised reason.
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