Tadeusz Grabowski (1871-1960), a Polish scholar and Romance philologist, professor of the University of Poznan, was a literary theoretician who promoted the anti-positivist breakthrough in Poland. His article 'Nowa nauka o literaturze' (The new literary science) (1935) was an underestimated interesting attempt at introducing a communicative and anthropological perspective in literary research. Grabowski was a patron of the 'Circle of Polish Scholars' which before the WW II carried out animated research activity. In 1935, the Circle organised a Convention of Circles of Polish Studies at which young scholars from Vilno (Vilnius), fascinated with the Russian formalism (M. Rzeuska, J. Putrament), discussed and held methodological disputes with adherents of the sociological method and Marxism (F. Siedlecki, S. Zolkiewski, D. Hopensztand).
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