The authors tried to determine if and to what extent maternal granddaughters share the explicit and implicit values of their grandmothers. 80 grandmothers-granddaughter dyads were surveyed using Schwartz' SVS and Mudyn's RN-02, an instrument assigned to identify 'ontological orientations' (implicit evaluation). The results indicate that: 1) grandmothers differ significantly from granddaughters in all ontological orientations (except for Aesthetic), especially in Theoretical and Religious orientation, 2) they differ also in personal values, except for Universalism and Power, 3) regression analysis revealed two decisive factors which determine convergence of ontological orientations and values in grandmother-granddaughter dyads, i.e. and level of education and attitudes toward religion. It may mean that these are the two important transmitters of world view as well as personal values.
Bouchard, T., McGue, M., Lykken, D., & Tellegen, A. (1999). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness : Genetic and environmental influences and personality correlates.Twin Research, 2, 88-98.
Bouchard, T., Segal N. L., Tellegen, A., McGue, M., Keyes, M., & Krueger, R. (2004). Genetic influence on social attitudes : Another challenge to psychology from behavior genetics (s. 89-104). In : L. F. DiLalla (Ed.),Behavior genetics principles: Perspectives in genetics, personality, and development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Campbell, D. T. & Fiske, D. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix.Psychological Bulletin, 56, 81-105.
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