This article discusses one of the consequences of obliteration of the borderline between semantics and pragmatics, as part of a holistic model of cognition. For literary studies, the category of discourse may appear the key one, however, not within the meaning of a Foucaultian 'discursive formation' inside which subjects of utterance are perfectly exchangeable but instead, the one understood in terms of discourse as a form of subjective action, inclusive of anything it consists in and what makes it possible. According to D. Maingueneau, any individual instance of sounding-off in the area being socially perceived as literature is by necessity accompanied, in the first place, by: legitimisation of utterance as a 'constitutive discourse' and the inevitably ensuing problematic positioning of the author in a social space ('paratopia (paratopy)') and a peculiar arrangement of the system of speech ('staging') for the use of a specific act of speech. Together with the other aspects defining the fundamentally discursive specificity of literature, discussed is the by-far-neglected nature of relations occurring between the writer's subjective involvement, the institutional dimension of the verbal act, and, the status of text that has joined the literary circulation.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.