There is a contradiction the positions presented in Leszek Kolakowski's books 'Szkice o filozofii katolickiej' (Essays on Catholic Philosophy) and 'Religion. If There Is no God...'. It is a contradiction between claims being defended or positions being taken. In the first case, it would be an antireligious position, and in the latter - recreancy, or in another vocabulary, laudable distancing from the error. The paper's author, without evaluating any of these positions, indicates a specific paradox in Kolakowski's thought that shows that a change of the philosophical position does not mean a rejection of the humanistic point of view, present from the very start. In the very core of Kolakowski's reflection, there is still a human being - as an autonomic and value-creative being. This human being has to be defended against absolutistic designs of religion, Marxism, collectivity, etc., or, in another vein, against the sublime idea of humanity which - as historical practice shows - can be directed against the human being.
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