Body culture is adjusted to conditions, demands and expectations of the given age by development and the parallel running of sport and history. However, in the course of time sport was raised into a culture-shaping role by the public, which role has an effect on the society, since as a means of the socialization, it promotes the institutionalization of certain values. Thus, sports in our history always reflect the spirit, the values and the relation of the age, and map the social roles of men and women. We can follow in the course of chronology clearly how sports are determined by history and the society, as well as the formation of new exercise cultures, created as a reaction to changes of civilization. Knowing and acquiring them promotes the adaptation to the conditions of modern society. Qualities required in sports can be successfully adopted and useful in daily life as well, as most of the extreme sports also necessitate those attributes which are required by the principles of market of the 21st century for being successful. Those qualities are as follows: courage, risk taking, responsibility, co-operation, and presence of mind. Since the extreme sports were brought into life by the demands evoked in the course of development of the civilization, we can consider the birth of extreme sports as a reaction to the modernity, and in this sense extreme sports are post-modern. Since the changes in the character of sport always indicate some historical, economic or social changes, there is good reason to assume that a new, post-modern man is born on our age.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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