In his sketch, the author engages in polemics with certain theses of Prof. Markiewicz's article 'What is it that I don't understand of C. Milosz's 'Traktat moralny'?'. First, charges are replied to as raised by H. Markiewicz against author's interpretation of 'The Moral Treatise' contained in his book 'Sekrety manichejskich trucizn. Milosz wobec zla' (Secrets of Manichean poisons. Milosz against evil). The author argues that in light of what is known to us, the Etruscans indeed treated Olympic gods with a pinch of salt. He also argues that Balzac's novels taught one to stay distant toward 'human affairs', whereas the passages on 'schizophrenics', 'evil people' and 'simple people' are unclear due to a historiosophy that Milosz has to a certain extent taken over from Tadeusz Kronski. In the final section of his article, he draws our attention to the political allusiveness of the Milosz poem, which Prof. Markiewicz seemingly has not spotted. He finally resumes the question of a peculiar 'historiosophic theodicy' (which was eventually rejected by Milosz) forming the ideological substratum of 'The Moral Treatise'.
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