The important poetic work of the Slovak classicist literature 'Memorial Tragedy for the Entire World' (1791) has been in the literary historical interpretations typically connected with a genre of 'debat' tract. The aim of the study is to show that this generic determination does not correspond with the former purpose of the author to write a novel. He expressed that intention also in the foreword to the book. It neither corresponds with the all intention of the work. The authoress' polemics with the other interpreters of the generic character of 'Tragoedie' (Memorial Tragedy…) methodically comes from an analysis of its content taking into consideration interpretation of substantial features of tract as a genre and also reflection of contemporary conceptions and comprehension of genres. The character of 'Tragoedie' (Memorial Tragedy…) fits much more with genre of novel mainly because of signs such as fictive character, concentration on cultivating a reader to get common overview and stressing amusing function of the text. It is possible to find connections with the contemporary 'Bildungsroman' of the 'debat' form. As for stressing persuasiveness that is quite significant in some parts of the book it also speaks about literary application of 'tractandi' form using different kinds of arguments (not only of non-fictional character). The authoress prefers the interpretation of 'Tragoedie' (Memorable Tragedy…) as a 'debat Bildungsroman' to assumptive canonisation of the previous objectively inadequate literary historical interpretations.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.