The major objective of policies for the less favoured areas (LFAs) is to ensure the continuation of their economic function (mostly profitable agriculture) and to enhance sustainable rural development (use of farming practices which maintain or improve the natural resource base of agriculture). The implementation of the concept of sustainable development in LFAs creates appropriate conditions for practicing organic agriculture and for launching various non-farm activities. It also creates employment opportunities that allow to further reduce rural poverty and to manage more effectively multifunctional rural development. This can lead to an improvement in the economic efficiency of farms, in the competitiveness of the agricultural sector and in the standard of living in LFAs. The strategy of sustainable development in LFAs could improve their social structure, contribute to the integration of their economy with the total market and to the protection of the natural environment.
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