ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN ARRANGEMENT OF SUZA (C. 3400-2900 BC). FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND GLYPTIC EVIDENCE FROM THE SUZA II AND III PERIODS (Architektura i uklad urbanistyczny Suzy (ok. 3400-2900 P.N.E.):..z okresów Suza II i Suza III)
Results of recent French excavations at Susa (situated in Khuzestan, Iran), one of the most important archaeological sites in the Near East, together with some representations on discovered seat impressions enable an analysis of Susa's architecture and urban arrangements during Susa II and Susa III periods (ca. 3400-2000 BC). Architectural features dated to discussed periods were unearthed in five areas on the Acropolis: 1) in the central part ('haute terasse's' area), 2) in the south-central part (Acropole II), 3) in the south-western part (Acropole I), 4) in the north-western part (Acropole III) and 5) between operations Acropole I and II (R. Dyson's sounding trench), as well as in the Ville Royale's area (operation I). There are together twenty glyptic artefacts with images of buildings or other constructions. ParticuIarly interesting are representations of buildings/walls with niches and pilasters, granaries and monumental public architecture The latter is a comp!ex scen showing bearded 'priest-king', who kills unknown enemies and the building with horns, usually identified as a 'tempie'. However, this interpretation was rejected in favour of schematic representation of city's siege. Presumably, Susa in discussed time was composed of three main parts: 1) the 'haute terasse's' area (a kind of an 'upper town') on the Acropolis, where most probably public buildings were situated on the platform, 2) the rest of the Acropolis (a 'lower town'), predominantly occupied by domestic architecture, and 3) the Ville Royale's area (an 'industrial suburb'), where majority of ovens and other installations were located.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.