A proper and adequate judicial remuneration is one of the basic safeguards of an independent and strong judiciary. The article aims to present an endeepened view on Polish judicial remunerations, and includes an analysis of law, jurisprudence, social reality and opinions of judges themselves. The basis for the analysis of judicial expectations in relations to remunerations, was a wide-range survey among 687 judges of Polish common courts (i.e. regional, circuit and appeal courts), conducted on June 2007. Poland as one of post-communist countries after 20 years of transformation, is continuously developing its democratic institutions and improving safeguards of the rule of law. Although the way towards the western democracies is already impressive and in many ways successful, a number of important issues have not been solved in a satisfactory way. One of them is the position of Polish judges among other state powers and the economical position of judges in comparison with judges of other EU Member States. This raises serious concerns and calls for changes. According to research conducted by the Council of Europe in 2006, Polish judges are almost at the very end of European statistics, when it comes to comparison of their salaries. That causes serious implications to proper conduct of their duties, as well as to their independence and the whole rule of law. A survey conducted among judges, and presented in this article, proves that the level of dissatisfaction raises a number of problems (e.g. strong willingness of migration to better paid legal professions). Moreover it indicates dangerous points in the legal system (e.g. unjust disproportions in remunerations, lack of balance between the executive and judicial power) that require immediate change. The article is a comprehensive and analytic insight in the finances-related problems of Polish judiciary.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.