The aim of the article is to present comparatively the fragment of the world view (connected with concept of life) in the Polish language and in the idiolect of Jan Twardowski's poetry. The interpretations are based on Langacker's network model, on Lakoff and Johnson's cognitive model of metaphors and on the proposals of Polish authors about using cognitive methods in interpretation of poetry. The conceptualization of life (connected with the conceptualization of death) can be described both as commonplace (gr. topós coinós) – life is road, and as cognitive metaphor: LIFE IS ROAD / JOURNEY. The paper presents different particular realizations of this metaphor in the Polish language and in Twardowski's poetry. The analyses are carried out with the use of profiling method. The most characteristic for Twardowski's idiolect is the religious profile of life, conceptualized as a road (journey) to Heaven (God). So, the religious profile is the kind of metaphor LIFE IS ROAD / JOURNEY TO HEAVEN / GOD. This profile is often connected with the profile of heaven. The analysis shows that in Twardowski's poetic language, otherwise than in the everyday use of Polish language, a life which is hard and dangerous (as a road to God) is more valuable than a life which is easy and simple.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.