The aim of this paper is to analyse the lives and works of 22 Czech and Slovak Sinologists, the members of the Prague School of Sinology around Professor Jaroslav Prusek, from the 1950s to the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the armies of the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact in 1968, and partly also later. The Prague School of Sinology became admired by many people in the West owing to its achievements in the realms mainly of modern and traditional Chinese literature, linguistics and partly of history and philosophy. Up to now, these were not sufficiently analysed in the scholarly literature. It shows the 'reality and myth' around this extraordinary phenomenon in the history of European Sinology.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.