After joining European Union the Slovak ethnology should present its attitudes towards topical and very substantial problems in the society with more stress. The author refers especially to extended absence of cultural behaviour (breadth in behaviour), domestic violence, lack of tolerance, racism, xenophobia, devastation of environment, redevelopment of the countryside, poverty, the study of new social groups (children from children's homes, displaced persons, handicaped persons, imigrants and emigrants, refugees, asylum applicants, etc.). Ethnology already started with the research in some of the above-mentioned areas and there exist some very interesting preliminary results. Last but not least very important is also the presentation of the cultural heritage.
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