This review article deals with the latest German historiographical research into the German military atrocities of World War II in Eastern Europe. The main focus of this research is laid on the mass murder of civilians and of Soviet and Polish prisoners of war, the question of mass rapes, the extermination of whole districts and the devastation of the occupied territories 'in the East'. The latest works can be considered a step forward towards a new understanding of this problem not only in terms of providing us with new analytic studies or new sources, but also by formulating new, innovative questions about the Nazi regime itself and its concept of 'total war' as well as its diverse relationship to the nations of Central and Eastern Europe.
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