Cognitive overlap between art and science can be found in the processes of the learning through experience. What necessarily needs to be present in these processes are not good reasons in favour of what is known or learnt, but the following features: The first feature of art and science have in common the negativity of learning processes: What a cognizer C learns through experience is that his/her theories, expectations, attitudes, trials, etc. are wrong and should be abandoned in order to advance. This leads us to the second common feature of art and science: if C is to make mistake, and thus to learn through experience, he/she must create (produce, invent, etc.) something in advance. It is further argued that C learns through experience due to causal relations between the environment (including other cognizers as well as cultural context) and his/her sensations and beliefs. This cannot be accomplished, however, if C is not aware of the notion of objective truth. Empirical knowledge is social and public, yet its truth is not reducible to social agreement. More could be learnt about the learning through experience in art and science, if anyone showed that some of the features or relations proposed in this paper are not necessary for learning.
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